Ackerman, Forest J. "The Mask of Fu Manchu: When Karloff Threatened to
Conquer the World." Famous Monsters of Filmland. 65 (May 1970).
The screen story is presented in thirteen chapters and illustrated with twelve
photographs. The cover is a Basil Gogos
portrait of Fu Manchu and his Death Machine of A Thousand Silver Swords.
Ash, Cay Van and Elizabeth Sax Rohmer. Master of Villainy:
A Biography of Sax Rohmer. Edited, with Foreword, Notes and Bibliography by
R. E. Briney, ed. Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1972;
London: Tom Stacey, 1972. 312 pages.
Contains many photographs and extensive bibliographic material. The
two dustjackets are remarkably different.
"The authors approach is anecdotal, rather than that of formal biographers. That
is not surprising, considering that they were protege and wife, respectively, of the
subject. If occasionally hero-worshipful, they nonetheless strive (successfully) to
present a balanced picture of the man to whom they were so close." --Marvin Lachman.
"Master of Villany: A Review" The Rohmer
Review No. 9
The full text of the "Limehouse
Incident" from Master of Villainry.
Ash, Cay Van. The Fires of Fu Manchu. New York: Harper and Row, 1987.
Cay Van Ash's second Fu Manchu novel. A third novel was planned but never finished.
Covers and additional information
Ash, Cay Van. "On Moris Klaw." 100 Great Detectives. Edited with an
Introduction and Notes by Maxim Jakubowsky. London: Xanadu Publications Ltd., 1991; New
York: Carrol & Graf, 1991.
A series of one hundred essays on one hundred detectives.
Ash, Cay Van. Ten Years Beyond Baker Street. New York: Harper and Row, 1984.
Cay Van Ash's first Fu Manchu novel. The author was a close friend of Sax Rohmer and
collaborated with Mrs. Rohmer to write her husband's biography, Master of Villainy.
Covers and additional information
Biggers, Julian L. English Locations in the Novels and Collected Short Stories of
Sax Rohmer. [Privately printed] October, 1976.
Over 800 place-names are cited, with sources. Several maps and drawings are included.
Bleiler, Everett F. The Guide to Supernatural Fiction. Ohio: Kent State
University Press, 1983.
Includes a "Sax Rohmer" entry with a short biography and eleven book
reviews. A separate entry for Rohmer pseudonym, "Michael Furey," discusses Wulfheim.
Bloom, Clive. Cult Fiction: Popular Reading and Pulp Theory. London:
MacMillan, October 1996. 272 pp.
Includes a chapter titled "West is East: Nayland Smith's Sinophobia and Sax
Rohmer's Bank Balance."
Briney, R. E. "Sax Rohmer." Mystery and Suspense Writers: The Literature
of Crime, Detection, and Espionage. Robin W. Winks and Maureen Corrigan eds. New
York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1998. Volume 2, pp. 791-804.
Includes "Early Years and First Success," "Dr. Fu Manchu,"
"Other Detective Characters," "Fantasy and Supernatural Stories,"
"The New York Years," a "Coda," and a "Selected
Briney, R. E. "Sax Rohmer: An Informal Survey." The Mystery Writer's Art.
Francis M. Nevins Jr., ed. Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green University
Popular Press, 1971.
Briney, R. E. "Sax Rohmer Revisited." Views and Reviews.
3.2-4 (Fall 1971, Winter 1972, n.d. 1972).
The most comprehensive survey of all of Rohmer's fiction.
Briney, R. E. and Douglas A. Rossman. eds. The Rohmer
Eighteen issues were "edited and published on an irregular schedule" from
July, 1968 through Spring/Summer, 1981.
"The contents of this inaugural issue of The Rohmer Review reflect
the fact that The Sax Rohmer Society is dedicated to the total literary output of
Sax Rohmer, and is not limited to the sinister saga of literature's best known master
criminal -- Dr. Fu Manchu -- although the devil doctor will be given his due in future
issues." -- Douglas A. Rossman. The Rohmer Review No. 1.
Finding copies is quite a challenge but well worth the effort for anyone with a
serious interest in Sax Rohmer. It took me over twenty years to obtain every issue! LK
Cannon, Garland The Arabic Contributions to the English Language, An Historical
Dictionary. Wisbaden, Otto Harassowitz, 1994.
This study of the migration of Arabic words into the English language utilized many of
Sax Rohmer's novels. Description and
illustration at the Cushing Library.
Chang, Sue F. "From Fu Manchu, Evil Genius, to James Lee Wong, Popular Hero: A
Study of the Chinese-American in Popular Periodical Fiction from 1920 to 1940." Journal
of Popular Culture 10.3 (Winter 1976): pp. 535-547.
Chapman, Paul M. "The Long Shadow of Moriarty. The Master Villains of
Pre-War Crime Fiction." Sherlock Holmes, The Detective Magazine. Issue 29,
1998, pp. 6-9
Chapman, Paul M. "Moriarty's Spectre. The Twilight of the Master
Criminals." Sherlock Holmes, The Detective Magazine. Issue
30, 1999, pp. 12-14.
Among other topics, the first article explores the roots of Dr. Fu Manchu in earlier
villains such as Professor Moriarty and Dr. Nikola.
The second article deals with the criminals in Sexton Blake, Dick Tracy, and the James
Bond books and compares them with earlier villains. Dr. No's derivation from Fu
Manchu is discussed.
Clegg, Jenny. Fu Manchu and the 'yellow peril': The Making of a Racist Myth.
Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham Books, 1994. 58 pp.
Clute, John. "Fu Manchu" The Encyclopedia of Fantasy.
John Clute and Peter Nicholls. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997. pp. 378.
Also contains "Rohmer, Sax" by Brian Stableford on pages 819-820.
Colombo, John Robert. "Sax Rohmer and His Yellow Shadows." Tamarack
Review 17 (Autumn 1960): pp. 43-57.
Cooper, Anice P. Authors and
Others:Articles on Sax Rohmer,Ellen Glasgow and others. New York:
1970. Reprinted from 1927 ed.
Councell, Dr. R. Watson. Apologia Alchymiae. London: John M. Watkins,
A book about the occult written by the the young Sax Rohmer's family doctor and mentor
in the occult. Rohmer wrote the Preface -- Cay Van Ash believed
this was "the only known instance when Sax wrote introductory matter for another
person's work." (Master of Villainy. p. 30)
R. E. Briney later reported a "Foreword" to the American Stage and
Screen Tribute to the King George V National Memorial Fund. The "Foreword" was
discovered by Vernon Lay. (The Rohmer Review, No. 17)
In Fu Manchu's Bride, Rohmer has Dr. Fu Manchu refer approvingly to the book and to
Dr. Watson Councell. See the end of Chapter 23 (page 144 in the first edition, page
88 in the Pyramid edition).
Day, Bradford M. Bibliography of Adventure: Mundy, Burroughs,
Rohmer, Haggard. New York: Arno Press, 1978.
Lists the books alphabetically and the magazine stories chronologically. Includes two
short sections: "A Short Biography" and "The Films of Sax Rohmer."
Deegan, Mary Jo. "Woman as Cat Monster: Sax Rohmer and the Green eyes of
Bast" Women's Power and Roles as Portrayed in Visual Images of Women
in the Arts and Mass Media. Valerie Malhotra Bentz and Philip E.F. Mayes eds.
Lewiston, New York: E. Mellen Press, 1993.
"The Doctor's Blade." New Yorker (November 29, 1947).
An interview with Rohmer.
Dunning, John. Tune In Yesterdays : The Ultimate
Encyclopedia Of Old-Time Radio 1925-1976. New York: Prentice-Hakk, 1976. 703 pages.
Eggeling, John. "Rohmer, Sax." The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction.
eds. John Clute and Peter Nicholls. London: Orbit, 1993; New York: St. Martin's Press,
1993. pp. 1024-1025.
Gifford, Denis. "The Year of Fu Manchu." House of Hammer 1.10
(January 1978) pp. 18-22.
Goode, Greg. "The Oriental in Crime Fiction and Film: A Bibliography of Secondary
Sources." Armchair Detective 15.3 (1982) pp. 203-211.
Goode, Greg. "The Oriental in Mystery Fiction: Part I: The Sinister
Oriental." Armchair Detective 15.3 (1982) pp. 196-202.
Includes "The Oriental in Crime Fiction and Film: A Bibliography of Secondary
Sources." pp 203-211.
Goodwin, Geraint. "The Birth of Fu Manchu." Daily Sketch [London]
May 24, 1934.
Hollo, Anselm. Nostalgia: Sax
Rohmer. Toothpaste Press
1982; First edition.
Limited edition broadside
issued for the Bookslinger exhibit at the A.B.A. convention in Anaheim from
Hollo's book. Single sheet printed in brown and black on one side, oblong
Holman, Paul. "Sax Rohmer." The Edge. No. 2 March-April 1990 ed.
Graham Evans. Chelmsford, Essex.
A brief, critical survey of much of Sax Rohmer's work, concentrating on Dr. Fu Manchu.
Hunt, Roy. Fu Manchu and Company: a Folio with Remarks by
the Artist. Introduction by Irving L. Jaffee. Culver City, California: Luther Norris,
Thirteen 8.5" by 11" black and white plates and a four page textual insert.
Hutchison, Don. The Great Pulp Heroes. Oakville, ON
& Buffalo, NY: Mosaic press, 1995.
A very informative history and analysis of the pulp magazines, it includes a detailed
discussion of Rohmer, Fu Manchu, the "yellow peril" in general, and the very
clear relationship to Wu Fang and Yen Sin.
"Small wonder that Popular's first all-villain pulp should be titled The
Mysterious Wu Fang. In 1935, when the Wu Fang magazine made its debut, the name of Fu
Manchu was already a household word; the Fu Manchu books were best-sellers and they were
usually serialized in such prestigeous slick magazines as Colliers and Liberty. If
the public confused one character with the other the confusion could only aid the sales of
the humble pulp magazine." (234)
Hutchison, Don. "Those Mad, Mad, Mad Pulp Villains." Collector's Dream.
Vol. 1, No. 2. pp. 10-21.
Kemp, Sandra, Charlotte Mitchell, and David Trotter Eds. Edwardian Fiction: An
Oxford Companion. Oxford University Press, 1997. 464 pp.
A guide to the literature of the Edwardian era -- 1900 to the start of World War I,
the contents range from Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim and D. H. Lawrence's Sons
and Lovers to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's The Hound of the Baskervilles and Sax
Rohmer's The Mystery of Dr. Fu-Manchu.
On Fu Manchu: "Here we have, not Shiel's obsessive fear of oriental nationalism
and militarism, but a master criminal who focuses racist fear of the mysterious
Lane, Andrew. "The Crimes of Fu Manchu." Million (May/June 1991)
Lowndes, Robert A. W. "The Immortal Enemy." Is (April 1971).
Reprinted in The Rohmer Review 7 (August 1971) pp.
Madden, Cecil, intro. Meet the Detective. Harrisburg: The
Telegraph Press: 1935. 158 pp.
Fifteen "newcomers" in detective fiction explain how they created their most
famous characters. Sax Rohmer writes of Dr. Fu Manchu and Leslie Charteris, The Saint.
Mank, Gregory William. "The Mask of Fu Manchu: A Production
History." Scarlet Street: The Magazine of Mystery and Horror. No. 24 (1997).
This very comprehensive article covers all the Fu Manchu movies as well as the
television show. It includes sixteen stills. The issue also contains "Fu!
Fu!" by Richard Valley and "Fooey!!!" by Jeff Siegel two appraisals of Sax
Rohmer's legacy with eight paperback covers and two stills including a scene from the
European release of The Brides of Fu Manchu which was dropped from the American release.
Karloff's Fu Manchu is featured on the cover. This issue is still available and can be
ordered from the Scarlet Street web site.
Mank, Gregory William. "The Mask of Fu Manchu." Hollywood Cauldron:
Thirteen Horror Films from the Genre's Golden Age. Jefferson, North Carolina and London:
"The Mask of Fu Manchu" is a thirty six page chapter providing a detailed
look at the production. Many anecdotes are included as well as photographs.
Nielsen, Bjarne. FU MANCHU en dokumentation.
Privately published in an edition of 221 copies, Christmas 1977.
8 pages, A5 size. Cover: Henry Lauritzen (a redrawn version of the Fu Manchu portrait from
the back cover of The Rohmer Review #2). [In Danish]
Contents: a brief passage from Fu Manchu's Mysterium (the Danish
translation of The Mystery of Dr. Fu-Manchu), a "cast of
characters" listing the main continuing characters from the Fu Manchu series, a
concise bibliography of U.S., British, and Danish first editions of the Fu Manchu series,
a filmography, and brief addenda on TV and radio versions, August Derleth's "Old
Doctor of Limehouse" clone, and brief mention of secondary material about Rohmer and
Ng, Maria NoŽlle. "Representing Chinatown: Dr. Fu Manchu and the
Disappearing Moon Cafe." Canadian Literature: A Quarterly of
Criticism and Review. Winter 1999. pp. 157-175.
O'Mealia, Leo. The Zayat
Kiss and The Severed Fingers. Newbury Park, California: Malibu Graphics, 1989.
Introduction John Wooley.
This classic comic strip by artist Leo O'Mealia has had three lives. The strips were
originally drawn for the newspapers and were distributed by the
Bell syndicate. The strip lasted from April 20, 1931 to July
3, 1933. They were later resurrected in the summer of 1938 as a new feature in
Detective Comics. The first two episodes were collected and printed in their entirety by
Malibu Graphics in 1989. This accounts for only the first 54 daily
strips out of the nearly 600 strips that were published. The strip followed the text
of Rohmer's books faithfully, up to the end of Chapter XXVII in THE HAND OF FU-MANCHU.
Then someone (artist or syndicate) lost interest, and the series was hastily concluded
with 5 more daily strips that departed widely from Rohmer's text.
Pan, Lynn. Sons of the Yellow Emperor: A History of the Chinese
Diaspora. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1990. Hard Cover
(With Dust Jacket) 408 Pages.
Lynn Pan examines the reasons Chinese emigrants left their native land
and how their travel was influenced by various commercial and economic
interests. The British influence is specifically examined. The real secret
societies are examined as well as fictionalized accounts--including Fu
Poupard, Dennis, Ed. "Sax Rohmer, 1883-1959" Twentieth- Century Literary
Criticism, Vol. 28. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Company, 1988. pp.
Reprints much of "Sax Rohmer---An Informal Survey" by Briney (pp. 279-286),
plus Rohmer commentary by many other writers including Cay Van Ash.
Prager, Arthur. Rascals At Large or The Clue in the Old Nostalgia. New
York: Doubleday, 1971. 334 pp.
"An affectionate and humorous look at those books and hardback heroes that at one
time occupied the imagination of so many American children: the Hardy Boys, Nancy
Drew, Dr. Fu Manchu, Tom Swift, -- even Bomba the Jungle Boy and Frank Merriwell."
Fu Manchu gets the entire twenty-two page Chapter 2, "The Mark of Kali,"
which, among other things, catalogies many of Fu Manchu favorite weapons -- everything
from the "Coughing Horror" of the Cynocephalus hamadryas or sacred
baboon to the "Zayat Kiss" of the giant centipede of the scolopendra
Priestley, J.B. The Balconinny. London: Methuen, 1929.
New York: Harper & Brothers, 1931. Reprint: New York: Books for Libraries, 1969.
Essays, including one on Little Tich.
Pringle, David. Ed. The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Fantasy" The Definitive
Illustrated Guide. London: Carlton Books, 1998; Woodstock, New York: Overlook Press,
1999. Contributors: David Langford, Brian Stableford and Tim Dedopulos. 256 pp
The volume contains entries for both "Fu Manchu" ("the most famous
villain in 20th-century popular fiction") and "Sumuru."
Rohmer, Elizabeth Sax. Bianca in Black. New York: Mystery House, 1958;
Toronto, Canada: Ryerson Press, 1958.
This mystery novel was written by his wife, Elizabeth, while he was in the midst of a
legal battle over the rights to his material. On the back cover of the Airmont paperback reprint, the book was credited to the
(non-existent) daughter of Sax Rohmer rather than to his wife.
Rose, Walter Redmond. Fu Manchu and Sax Rohmer: a collector's
bibliography of Arthur Sarsfield Warde. Afton, NY: Tristram Shanty
I've not seen a copy of this bibliography but one wonders how
accurate it can be if Ward is misspelled in the title.
Schleicher, David. "Fu Manchu: The World Shall Hear From Me Again!" Filmfax
41 (October/November 1993).
Illustrated article surveying the British Christopher Lee movies.
Schwartz, Richard Alan. Cold War culture; media and the arts, 1945-1990.
Facts on File, Inc., 1998. 376 pp.
An encyclopedia styled book with entries exploring how films, tv shows, books,
stories and other media were influenced by a conflict between the west and the east.
Fu Manchu is included.
Siegel, Jeff. "Fooey!!!" Scarlet Street: The Magazine of Mystery and
Horror. No. 24 (1997). pp. 70, 75-76.
Stableford, Brian. "Rohmer, Sax" The Encyclopedia of Fantasy.
eds. John Clute and Peter Nicholls. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997. pp.
Also contains "Fu Manchu" by John Clute on page 378.
Stafford, Jean. "Truth in Fiction." Library Journal 91.17 (1966)
Stein, Hannah. "Spies Part in War is Important."
The Washington Post. 6 November 1932.
"Sax Rohmer, Who Had Thrilling Experiences as a
Member of the British Intelligence Service, Discloses Espionage Secrets as
Armistice Day Anniversary Draws Near."
Symonds, Julian. Mortal Consequences: A History from the Detective Story to the
Crime Novel. New York: Harper & Row, 1972; New York: Schocken, 1973
According to Symons, "The Fu Manchu stories are complete rubbish, penny dreadfuls
in hard covers, interesting chiefly in the way that they reflect popular feeling about the
'yellow peril,' which in these books, as a
character remarks, is 'incarnate in one man.'"
Tuck, Donald H. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Volume 2.
"Rohmer, Sax." New York: Advent, 1978. pp. 368-371.
A four page survey of Rohmer's life and work.
"Rohmer had qualities lacking in most suspense and thriller writers: a thorough
and first hand knowledge of exotic backgrounds, a flair for vivid description, and a sense
of atmosphere, of magic and mystery. He applied his unfettered imagination not only to his
fiction but to his personal publicity--interviews, biographical sketches, etc. As a result
it is difficult to separate fact from fancy, and many details of his early personal life
Valley, Richard. "Fu! Fu!" Scarlet Street: The Magazine of Mystery and
Horror. No. 24 (1997). pp. 71-74, 76.
Warton, Carl. "Houdini Saved the Day for Sax Rohmer." Boston Sunday
Herald. March 8, 1931.
Watson, Colin. Snobbery
with Violence: English Crime Stories and Their Audience.
London: Methuen, 1971.
Weinstein, Jay. "Fu Manchu and the Third World." Society
(January/February 1984) pp. 77-82.
Weiss, Ken and Ed Goodgold. To Be Continued . . . a complete guide to motion picture
serials. New York: Bonanza Books, 1972.
Weiss and Goodgold discuss 231 serials and include over 400 photographs. They include
seven stills from The Drums of Fu Manchu as well as cast information and a plot summary.
Wu, William F. "Fu Manchu and Charlie Chan," The Yellow
Peril: Chinese Americans in American Fiction, 1850-1940. Hamden, CT:
Archon Books, 1982. pp. 164-182.
"The Yellow Peril: Fu Manchu." Yesterday #3. 1970.
Young, Mary E. Mules and Dragons: Popular Culture
Images in the Selected Writings of African-American and Chinese-American
Writers. Contributions in WOmen's Studies, Number 136. Westport,
Connecticut, London: Greenwood Press, 1983.
The first clearly delineated characterization of a
Chinese woman came before the American public not as an American creation
but as a British import . . . . (p. 93)
Zinman, David. "Fu Manchu," Saturday Afternoon at the Bijou. New
Rochelle, New York: Arlington House, 1973.
A thirteen page chapter covering Fu Manchu's various serial and movie appearences. It
includes numerous photos and cast lists as well as material about Sax Rohmer.